Do you know what exactly myopia is?
Although most people know it as Nearsightedness Myopia is the real medical name. However, Myopia is causing troubles looking to object who have been situated far away from you. People who have nearsightedness can read books and watch movies but if they have to see a street sign, it is a struggle. Sometimes, a person who has nearsightedness has really bad headaches, too. If you are experiencing headaches often, you should check your eyes. Every experienced doctor will find out easily where your headache comes from.
However, Myopia is causing really interesting effect — images are focused in front of the retina. The result is that people can’t see objects in distance. Old people will tell you that in the past there is no such thing as myopia, and they are almost right. Nearsightedness has appeared because we don’t spend enough time outside and sunlight can’t stimulate properly release of retinal dopamine. Retinal dopamine prevents eyeballs from growing too big — which is the main cause of myopia.
Why does eyeball grow too long?
Actually, there is no simple answer to this question. Scientists assume that there are some genes which are responsible, but they are not sure. However, Asian people are more predisposed to myopia, says Doctorxdentist.com. Unfortunately, eyeballs are growing until we are 21 years old, so in order to see how much the eyeball will grow, you should wait. This is extremely important before you decide to have a Lasik surgery.
The case is completely different if you want to prevent myopia from developing. In Asian countries, children are using Atropine eye drops to reduce the growth of their eyeballs. This medicine is helping a lot if the child applies it for a long period. For example, it is proven that Atropine can slow developing for 2 years with 60% — which is an amazingly huge percentage. Very important fact is that the medicine is not working if the nearsightedness is fully developed. So adults can‘t use this eye drops to heal this condition. The concentration of eye drops should be less than a 1%, otherwise, there are too many side effects. The price is less than $20 so it is affordable.
Another great method of fighting against myopia is staying outside. Although kids today prefer to stay in front of the computer and TV screen, you have to encourage them to spend hours under sunlight. A natural light is preventing nearsightedness along with other benefits. As often as it is possible you should lock your children outside and make them play in the backyard or in the park. Sunlight will improve their health condition without you even notice it.
Myopia is a real struggle for adult people. As we mentioned, a lot of people have headaches and can’t find out why. Checking your vision regularly can save you from serious health conditions. Even people who are wearing glasses are not safe from myopia complications. Nearsightedness can evolve fast and prevent your vision.
How should we treat myopia?
Most people wear glasses which change the focus of the light. Of course, if the patient can’t wear glasses the doctor should recommend him suitable corrective eye lenses. The next treatment is surgery which corrects the cornea and improves focus. LASIK surgery is made by a laser and it is the easiest way to solve nearsightedness. Don’t forget that the surgery should be undergone after myopia is fully developed otherwise the results will be inadequate.